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Drugs and their Effects on the human body | Drugs and their effects | Effect of drug abuse

Drugs and their effects on the human body

Drugs and their effects

Drugs and their effects


Picture above shows a sequence of photographs of how drugs and their effects of long term Methamphetamine abuse can affect you. Don’t be this person.

Alcohol

DrugSlang Name
Alcohol (ethyl alcohol)Liquor, beer, and wineIngested
Effects – In low doses, euphoria, mild stimulation, relaxation, lowered inhibitions; in higher doses, drowsiness, slurred speech, nausea, emotional volatility, loss of coordination, visual distortions, impaired memory, sexual dysfunction, loss of consciousness.
Health Risks – Increased risk of injuries, violence, fetal damage (in pregnant women); depression; neurological deficits; hypertension; liver and heart disease; addiction; fatal overdose.

Cannabinoids

DrugSlang NameSchedule
MarijuanaBlunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, bud, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, trees, smoke, skunk, weed.1Smoked or Ingested
HashishBoom, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp.1Smoked or Ingested
Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available for research only and have no approved medical use.
Drugs and their effects: Euphoria; relaxation; slowed reaction time; distorted sensory perception; impaired balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite; impaired learning, memory; anxiety; panic attacks; psychosis.
Health Risks: Cough, frequent respiratory infections; possible mental health decline; addiction.

Opiates

DrugSlang NameSchedule
HeroinDiacetylmorphine: smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag, skunk, white horse, China white; cheese (with OTC cold medicine and antihistamine)1Injected, Smoked or Snorted
OpiumLaudanum, paregoric: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop2, 3 & 5Ingested or Smoked
Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available for research only and have no approved medical use.
Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available only by prescription (not refillable) and require a form for ordering.
Schedule 3 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally. Some
Schedule 5 drugs are available over the counter.
Drugs and their effects: Euphoria; drowsiness; impaired coordination; dizziness; confusion; nausea; sedation; feeling of heaviness in the body; slowed or arrested breathing.
Health Risks: Constipation; endocarditis; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose

Stimulants

DrugSlang NameSchedule
CocaineCocaine hydrochloride: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot.2Snorted, Smoked or Injected
AmphetaminesBiphetamine, Dexedrine: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers.2Snorted, Smoked or Injected
MethamphetamineDesoxyn: meth, ice, crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, speed.2Snorted, Smoked or Injected
Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available only by prescription (not refillable) and require a form for ordering.
Drugs and their effects: Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration; increased energy, mental alertness; tremors; reduced appetite; irritability; anxiety; panic; paranoia; violent behavior; psychosis.
Health Risks: Weight loss, insomnia; cardiac or cardiovascular complications; stroke; seizures; addiction.
Cocaine – Nasal damage from snorting. Methamphetamine – Severe dental problems.

Club Drugs

DrugSlang NameSchedule
MDMA (methylenedioxy-meth-amphetamine)Ecstasy, Adam, clarity, Eve, lover’s speed, peace, uppers.1Ingested or Snorted
FlunitrazepamRohypnol: forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, roach, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies.5Ingested or Snorted
GHBGamma-hydroxybutyrate: G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy, soap, scoop, goop, liquid X.1Ingested
Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available for research only and have no approved medical use.
Schedule 5 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Drugs and their effects: MDMA – Mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity; empathic feelings; lowered inhibition; anxiety; chills; sweating; teeth clenching; muscle cramping.
Flunitrazepam – Sedation; muscle relaxation; confusion; memory loss; dizziness; impaired coordination.
GHB – Drowsiness; nausea; headache; disorientation; loss of coordination; memory loss.
Health Risks for MDMA – Sleep disturbances; depression; impaired memory; hyperthermia; addiction. Flunitrazepam – Addiction. GHB – Unconsciousness; seizures; coma.

Dissociative Drugs

DrugSlang NameSchedule
KetamineKetalar SV: cat Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K.3Injected, Snorted or Smoked
PCP and analogsPhencyclidine: angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill.1 & 2Swallowed, Smoked or Injected
Dextromethorphan (DXM)Found in some cough and cold medications: Robotripping, Robo, Triple C.Not ScheduledIngested
Schedule 1 and 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing.
Schedule 1 drugs are available for research only & have no approved medical use.
Schedule 2 drugs are only by prescription. 
Schedule 3 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Drugs and their effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; impaired motor function.
Ketamine – Analgesia; impaired memory; delirium; respiratory depression and arrest; death.
PCP and analogs – Analgesia; psychosis; aggression; violence; slurred speech; loss of coordination; hallucinations.
DXM – Euphoria; slurred speech; confusion; dizziness; distorted visual perceptions.
Health Risks: Anxiety; tremors; numbness; memory loss; nausea.

Hallucinogens

DrugSlang NameSchedule
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide:acid, blotter, cubes, microdot yellow sunshine, blue heaven.1Ingested
MescalineButtons, cactus, mesc, peyote.1Injected or Ingested
PsilocybinMagic mushrooms, purple passion, shrooms, little smoke.1Injected or Ingested
Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available for research only and have no approved medical use.
Drugs and their effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; nausea.
LSD – Increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sweating; sleeplessness; numbness, dizziness, weakness, tremors; impulsive behavior; rapid shifts in emotion.
Mescaline – Increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sweating; sleeplessness; numbness, dizziness, weakness, tremors; impulsive behavior; rapid shifts in emotion.
Psilocybin – Nervousness; paranoia; panic.
Health Risks: LSD – Flashbacks, Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder.

Other Compounds

DrugCommon NamesSchedule
Anabolic steroidsAnadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, Depo-Testosterone, Equipoise: roids, juice, gym candy, pumpers.3Injected or Ingested, Applied to skin.
InhalantsSolvents (paint thinners, gasoline, glues); gases (butane, propane, aerosol propellants, nitrous oxide); nitrites (isoamyl, isobutyl, cyclohexyl): laughing gas, poppers, snappers, whippets.Not scheduled.Inhaled through nose or mouth.
Schedule 3 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Effects: Anabolic steroids – No intoxication effects.
Health Risks: Anabolic steroids – Hypertension; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver cysts; hostility and aggression; acne; in adolescents, premature stoppage of growth; in males, prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females, menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics.
Effects: Inhalants (varies by chemical) – Stimulation; loss of inhibition; headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; loss of motor coordination; wheezing.
Health Risks: Inhalants – Cramps; muscle weakness; depression; memory impairment; damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems; unconsciousness; sudden death.

Prescription Medications

DrugSlang NameSchedule
BarbituratesAmytal, Nembutal, Seconal, Phenobarbital; barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets.2, 3 & 5Injected or Ingested
BenzodiazepinesAtivan, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax; candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks. Ambien (zolpidem),Sonata (zaleplon), Lunesta (eszopiclone); forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies.4Ingested or Snorted
Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available only by prescription (not refillable) and require a form for ordering.
Schedule 3 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Schedule 4 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Some Schedule 5
drugs are available over the counter.
Drugs and their effects: Sedation/drowsiness, reduced anxiety, feelings of well-being, lowered inhibitions, slurred speech, poor concentration, confusion, dizziness, impaired coordination and memory.
Health Risks: Lowered blood pressure, slowed breathing, tolerance, withdrawal, addiction; increased risk of respiratory distress and death when combined with alcohol.
Barbiturates – euphoria, unusual excitement, fever, irritability/life-threatening withdrawal in chronic users.

Opiates & Morphine Derivatives

DrugSlang NameSchedule
CodeineEmpirin with Codeine, Fiorinal with Codeine, Robitussin A-C, Tylenol with Codeine; Captain Cody, Cody, schoolboy; (with glutethimide: doors & fours, loads, pancakes and syrup).2, 3 & 5Injected or Ingested
MorphineRoxanol, Duramorph; M, Miss Emma, monkey, white stuff.2 & 3Injected, Ingested or Smoked
MethadoneMethadose, Dolophine; fizzies, amidone, (with MDMA: chocolate chip cookies).2Injected or swallowed
FentanylActiq, Duragesic, Sublimaze; Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, friend, goodfella, jackpot, murder 8, TNT, Tango and Cash.2Injected, Smoked or Snorted
Oxycodone, Hydrocodone Bitartrate, Hydromorphone, Oxymorphone, Meperidine, PropoxypheneTylox, Oxycontin, Percodan, Percocet: Oxy, O.C., oxycontin oxycet, hillbilly, heroin, percs Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet; Vike, Watson-387 Dilaudid; juice, smack, D, footballs, dillies Opana, Numorphan Numorphone; biscuits, blue heaven, blues, Mrs. O, octagons, stop signs, O bomb Demerol, meperidine hydrochloride; demmies, pain killer Darvon, Darvocet.2, 3 & 5Injected or Ingested
Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available only by prescription (not refillable) and require a form for ordering.
Schedule 3 drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally.
Some Schedule 5
drugs are available over the counter.
Drugs and their effects: Pain relief, euphoria, drowsiness, sedation, weakness, dizziness, nausea, impaired coordination, confusion, dry mouth, itching, sweating, clammy skin, constipation.
Health Risks: Slowed or arrested breathing, lowered pulse and blood pressure, tolerance, addiction, unconsciousness, coma, death; risk of death increased when combined with alcohol or other CNS depressants.
Fentanyl – 80-100 times more potent analgesic than morphine.
Oxycodone – muscle relaxation/twice as potent analgesic as morphine; high abuse potential.
Codeine – less analgesia, sedation, and respiratory depression than morphine.
Methadone – used to treat opiate addiction and pain; significant overdose risk when used improperly.

Stimulants

DrugSlang NameSchedule
AmphetaminesBiphetamine, Dexedrine, Adderall; bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers.2Injected, Ingested, Smoked or Snorted
MethylphenidateConcerta, Ritalin; JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, the smart drug, vitamin R.2Injected, Ingested, Smoked or Snorted
Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Are available only by prescription (not refillable) and require a form for ordering.
Drugs and their effects: Feelings of exhilaration, increased energy, mental alertness.
Health Risks: Increased heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism, reduced appetite, weight loss, nervousness, insomnia, seizures, heart attack, stroke.
Amphetamines – rapid breathing, tremor, loss of coordination, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness/delirium, panic, paranoia, hallucinations, impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, tolerance, addiction.
Methylphenidate – increase or decrease in blood pressure, digestive problems, loss of appetite, weight loss.

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